The environment of the Iberian West is located in the Mediterranean bioclimatic region, in an environment of high ecological value as it hosts some of the most emblematic species of the Iberian Peninsula.
The province of Salamanca, and specifically the region of Ciudad Rodrigo or Campo Charro, are the enclave of the Iberian West in which FNYH manages two of its reserves included in the Program “Areas for Life”: Dehesa of Boyal of Espeja and Cliffs of Agueda.
The natural interest of this region of Ciudad Rodrigo or Campo Charro is evidenced by its inclusion in the Natura 2000 network, by declaring Sites of Community Importance (SCI): el Rebollar, 49.850 ha, Campo de Azaba, 36.495 ha and Campo de Argañán 17.303 ha; and the declaration of the latter two as special protection areas for birds (SPAs).
Campo Charro is an area of great natural value, with a characteristic landscape composed by large Mediterranean forests of holm oaks and meadows, which constitute one of the main values that led to its inclusion in Natura 2000. This landscape hosts a wide range of animals species protected under different legal figures from the National Catalogue of endangered species (Special Interest, Vulnerable or endangered), as the black stork (Ciconia nigra), the imperial Eagle (Aquila adalberti), the black vulture (Aegypius monachus ), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) or the Eagle Owl (Bubo Bubo).
In this area, bounded on the south by the mountains of Gata and France and west with neighboring Portugal and its Natural Reserve Sierra de Malcata, are located the municipal reserves Cliffs of Agueda and Dehesa Boyal de Espeja, both managed by FNYH and included in the Program “Areas for Life”.
- Improve the status of biodiversity in a territory of 132.600 hectares, derived from the Natura 2000 sites: Campo de Azaba, Campo de Argañán and Malcata.
- Intervene an area of the reserve of 500 ha (1% of the SPAs Campo de Azaba, about 0.4% of the total), located at the center of the space.
- Manage in an integral-active way. With direct benefit on species with greater dispersion efficiency (birds, insects and plants).
- Avoid lack of transverse permeability for species in this space. Problem consequence of the type of property- land use (many fenced private property, with intensive use).
- Create a space reservation without intensive exploitations and not subject to hunting.
- Supply biodiversity to the rest of the great Natura 2000 Network space.
- Increase the surface and improve the conservation status of 7 habitats.
- Develop indicators: biodiversity assessment and habitat quality.
- Develop protocols of sustainable management in dehesas.
- Develop extrapolatable predictive models for open spaces of Mediterranean forest oaks with livestock use in any country of the European Union.