This program develops a strategy for monitoring and conservation of the natural environment in an extensive and valuable area of Mediterranean forest, in the border area of Portugal and Spain located in the Midwestern of the Iberian Peninsula.
- Increase surface areas managed for conservation purposes by:
- Promote the declaration of the new Natural Park El Rebollar on the SAC El Rebollar, area of distribution of the Iberian lynx.
- Promote the declaration of the largest biosphere reserve, Sierra de Gata Campo Charro. In the mid-mountain area and rebollar of the Sierra de Gata this space unites the pasturelands of holm oak and cork oak in the foothills.
- Land purchase and management agreements with an ultimate goal of 6,000 hectares actively managed for conservation purposes.
- Recovery of habitats and threatened species of fauna and flora:
- Black vulture (Aegypius monachus), currently present in the area as northern end of its range.
- Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), the world’s most endangered feline, present in the Sierra de Gata. It is possible its reintroduction in the Sierra da Malcata (Portugal).
- Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) Iberian endemism with about 200 breeding pairs in the world. The area is an excellent habitat for this species.
- Black Stork (Ciconia nigra): very rare species in the Iberian Peninsula, has stable populations in the area.
- Different taxa of threatened flora of Mediterranean forest, endangered by intensive use and overexploitation of meadow.
- Increase area of habitats of community interest in good condition.
In this line of action highlights the project LIFE + Nature: Biodiversity Conservation in the Iberian West, Reseve of Campanarios de Azaba (2009-2012), which FNYH began in June 2009. It is a project aimed to the improvement and conservation of the most representative habitats in the Iberian West.