These tasks improve the age structure of old forests through reforestation and individual protection, with plantations with a density close to 200 regenerated plants / ha, using young forest trees (1-2 saps). As target species is planted evergreen oak, Quercus ilex spp. ballota (80%) and as non-target species, Pyrenean oak Quercus pyrenaica (10%), common hawthorn Crataegus monogyna (5%), iberian pear Pyrus bourgaeana (5%). In the 30% of trees at risk for wild and domestic herbivores will be placed a protective.
In oaks and pastures have been made improvements in plant protection of trees in order to facilitate their development by means of pruning in masses of evergreen oaks coming from regrowth and arranged in dense formations. Tasks of dry branches cleaning in mature trees and individual protection on feet of trees in areas of cattle are developed.
Since its creation, ATN develops ecological restoration and management of forest areas (reforestation and recovery of areas burned by fires) in habitats of ecological importance. For 5 years there have been a program of active surveillance on forest fires.
The University of Salamanca will study, in collaboration with LIFE, mycological biomarkers to determine the health of the pasture, establishing correlations between the presence of certain species of fungi and the state of conservation of ecosystems. The vegetation map is used to design the sampling work and establish a selection of places depending on the type of plant species and the type of intensity of human activity. At these points, mycological inventories are made in autumn and spring, analyzing the relationships obtained between the presence or absence of certain species and habitat conservation status.