A.1: Identification and mapping of populations of Woodwardia radicans
Woodwardia radicans, is a pteridophytes known as píjara, that survives in the Macaronesica region, where it was cornered from theTertiary or Cenozoic period, about 2 million years ago. That is why it tends to appear in ravines on the banks of rivers and streams, riparian forests, gorges, always in the shade and at low altitude.
Through this action, a detailed sampling of the banks will be carried out that convey a greater capacity of reception for this species. Inventories will be georeferenced and accurate data will be taken on the ecology and physical characteristics of the site. The conservation status of the habitat and its potential threats will be assessed. In addition, potentially interesting habitats for reintroduction will be inventoried.
A.2. Identification of populations and habitats of Lucanus cervus and Coenagrion mercuriale.
Lucanus cervus is cited in the three Cantabrian SCIs of work, while Coenagriun mercuriale appears in the SCIs Miera River and Puntal Dunes and Miera Estuary. In both cases, the species are insects with low and fragmented populations at European and local level, but in both species, and as with a large number of insect species, more is unknown than reliable data.
Coenagrion mercuriale, on the other hand, prefers streams of small flow, sunny and clean. It is also located in streams and irrigation canals, with slow water flow, all of them covered with herbaceous low vegetation. In the Iberian Peninsula has also been found in reservoirs, and on the Cantabrian coast is also located in standing water, such as ponds and lagoons. It is a species that can live in forests, but it frequents the gaps within the forests.
The action will consist of the direct and indirect sampling of both species in selected areas for presenting the most appropriate characteristics for their life cycle. The study will determine the areas where the best populations and the most interesting habitats for these species are found.
A.3. Search for Land Stewardship Agreements
Much of the conservation actions will be carried out on public and private land, so in addition to obtaining permits, the project intends to reach land custody agreements with landowners, whether public or private. These land stewardship agreements will be the guarantee that the conservation works that will be carried out will last in time, once the project is finished.
The Custody of the Territory will be the tool of environmental management. This, has as central pillar the will of two parties (owner and custodian) to carry out actions of conservation of nature in the territory from the social initiative.
A.4. Drafting of Constructive Projects to adapt small dams
Nowdays the Miera River has small dams that block or interfere with the migration of salmonids upstream. This project action will consist on drafting of the projects to remove the barrier of the jumps of water located in the river Miera when it runs through Liérganes village (Cantabria).
These projects will contemplate the construction of a scale for fish, that allows to save the unevenness upstream, for this will propose the most appropriate measures to minimize the environmental impact and to guarantee the use by the salmonids (trout and salmon)
A.5. Drafting of restoration projects for peatlands and forest ecosystems
The conservation actions of the project include the restoration of peatlands and forests in mountain areas (SCI Montaña Oriental and SCI Montes de Valnera). This action will consist of the drafting of the necessary technical and prescriptive projects to carry out the improvements in the field.